Reactive arthritis is a kind of arthritis that can be brought on by a bacterial infection in the body. This condition is frequently caused by a sexually transmitted infection or a bacterial infection in the intestines. It’s a type of spondyloarthritis that’s classified as an autoimmune disease. Arthritis rarely appears until the infection has already been treated successfully. The bigger joints of the lower extremities are frequently affected by reactive arthritis symptoms.
Reiter’s syndrome, a trio of arthritis, conjunctivitis, and urinary tract irritation, was originally known as reactive arthritis. According to experts, the risk of developing reactive arthritis is higher in men when compared to women.
Keep on reading this article to know more about reactive arthritis.
Causes Of Reactive Arthritis
A bacterial infection in the urinary tract or gut is the most common cause of this form of arthritis. Chlamydia trachomatis, which causes chlamydia infections, is the most commonly associated bacterium with reactive arthritis. Sexual contact is the most common cause of the spread of this bacterium.
Bacteria that might cause food poisoning can also trigger the symptoms of reactive arthritis. Shigella and Salmonella are two germs that come to mind. If you have a family history of reactive arthritis, genetics may play a role. HLA B27 carriers are more prone to develop reactive arthritis, according to specialists. Even if they are infected, not everyone with this gene will eventually develop reactive arthritis.
Reactive Arthritis Symptoms
Ankles, knee, and the sacroiliac joints of the pelvis are the most common sites for reactive arthritis. In your buttocks, back, heels, or fingers, you may also have joint discomfort, stiffness, and inflammation. Prostatitis, which is the inflammation of the prostate gland, is a common side effect of reactive arthritis in men. Inflammation of the cervix in women is referred to as cervicitis. It’s possible that it’s a symptom of reactive arthritis. Inflammation in the eyes is one of the most prevalent symptoms of reactive arthritis. Your skin and mouth could be affected by reactive arthritis.
Reactive Arthritis Treatment
After controlling the underlying infection, the main focus of reactive arthritis treatment is managing the pain and inflammation associated with the condition. Ibuprofen and naproxen are examples of NSAIDs prescribed for alleviating inflammation and pain. If over-the-counter pain relievers are not effective in managing pain, your doctor may recommend stronger anti-inflammatory drugs. Exercise should be a part of your everyday activity to maintain joint health.