Important Things You Want To Know About Osteoarthritis

Arthritis Symptoms
Arthritis Symptoms
Arthritis Symptoms
Arthritis Symptoms

The most common type of arthritis found in people is osteoarthritis (OA). Also known as wear and tear arthritis, this condition occurs as a result of the breakdown of cartilage tissues in the joints. Osteoarthritis can impact any joints in the body, especially, those that are overused. Some of the most common joints that are affected by OA include weight-bearing joints like the knees, hips, and spine. It can also develop in many other joints including the thumb, fingers, larger toe, and neck.

Cartilage tissues are responsible for protecting your joints. They cushion the bones and absorb the shock in joints. So when these tissues wear down, it can affect the working of your joints. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage tissues to lose their elasticity and become stiff. This can reduce the flexibility of joints thereby affecting your mobility. Additionally, the wearing down of these tissues can cause the rubbing of bones at the joints thereby leading to severe pain.

People with osteoarthritis can experience difficulty moving, especially, if this condition affects weight-bearing joints. It is a progressive disorder that can become worse over time.

Symptoms Of Osteoarthritis

Some health issues caused by osteoarthritis in people include:

  • Aching and soreness in joints that can become worse with movement
  • Stiffness in joints after periods of rest
  • Pain after long periods of inactivity or overuse of the joints
  • Swelling and inflammation in joints
  • Formation of bone spurs

The intensity of arthritis symptoms can vary based on their duration and severity. The joints affected by this condition can also be different in people.

Causes Of Osteoarthritis

The most common cause of OA is the overuse of joints. Some other risk factors that can increase your chance of getting this condition are:

  • Joint-related injuries
  • Obesity, as the excess weight can exert extra stress on your joints
  • Heredity. People born with some joint abnormalities are at a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis
  • Other health conditions.  People with other forms of arthritis can develop OA.

How Osteoarthritis Is Treated?

There are different arthritis treatment options available to control the symptoms of OA. They include a combination of medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes. Some of them include muscle strengthening exercises, hot or cold compress to relieve pain and inflammation, joint fluid removal, injection of medications directly to the joints, losing body weight if necessary, and use of supportive devices like canes and crutches. In some severe cases, surgery might be required to relieve the pain and other symptoms.

Your doctor can determine the right treatment options based on your condition.