Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints. Around 27% of the adult population in the United States is diagnosed with some form of arthritis. Pain and stiffness in joints, and swelling are the common symptoms of arthritis. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis that affect human body. Among them rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are the most common. Traditionally, arthritis is treated by different types of medications, surgery and physical therapy.
In the past few years, the face of the arthritis treatment has changed. Many new techniques have emerged that completely cure rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. In this article, you will know about some of the new treatment for arthritis.
These drugs are used for treating rheumatoid arthritis. They are used in patients who have had the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis for about six months. Disease Modifiers are mainly used when the usual drugs like NSAIDs no longer control the swellings in the joints. The studies on these drugs are still going on. However, some existing studies show that methotrexate, a disease modifier drug can control the uncontrolled cell division in the synovial joints.
For advanced arthritis, medications and physical therapy will not be effective. Replacing the joints is the best option. Usually metals like cobalt-chrome and titanium alloys are used in replacing the larger joints and polymers like silicone is used for replacing smaller joints, such as in the fingers. The research on the implants began in the 1950s and in 1969; the first silicone-based joint implants were introduced. The silicone based implants provided a flexible hinge for the joints.
Biologics Block Cytokines
The use of biologics or the body chemicals is new approach on the treatment of different form of arthritis. The new arthritis drugs block the cytokine production to halt the prostaglandin synthesis. Many studies are undergoing on different laboratories around the world to unravel the immune imbalances that underlie different forms of arthritis.
In this type of surgery, the surgeon removes the surface of the joint bones and the excess cartilage. Then the centre of the tip of bones is hollowed out and the stems of the implant are inserted. After the implant is fixed with bone cement, the muscles, tendons and ligaments are repaired. The surgery is technically called implant resection arthroplasty.
This type of treatment uses materials that resemble body components for replacing joints. The new hip implants are coated with calcium phosphate materials like hydroxylapatite that can interact with the bone. The aim is to use different forms of biological coating that allows the bone to grow into the implant area, rather than filling the spaces with cement.